Apex Interview questions with answers

Ques : Which SOQL statement can be used to fetch all records even from recycle bin ?

Answer: “ALL Rows”  clause of SOQL can retrieve all records, including the records from recycle bin.

SELECT COUNT() FROM Contact WHERE AccountId = a.Id ALL ROWS

Question: How can you lock a record using SOQL to prevent it from being modified by another user?

Answer: We will need “FOR UPDATE” clause of SOQL.

Account [] accts = [SELECT Id FROM Account LIMIT 2 FOR UPDATE]; 

Question: If you have set up more than one savepoint, and then you roll back to a savepoint which is not the last savepoint, what will happen to the later savepoint variables?

Answer: If you generated savepoint SP1 first and generated SP2 savepoint after that, and if you rolled back to SP1, the variable SP2 will no longer be valid. You will receive a runtime error if you try to use it.

 

Question: What are few limitations of Savepoint or Transaction control in Apex?

Answer: Below are some points to remember:

  • Each savepoint you set counts against the Governor limit for DML statements.
  • If you insert the ID on an SObject after setting the savepoint, the ID will not be cleared after a rollback.
  • Static variables are not reverted during a rollback. If you run the trigger again, the static variables will retain the values from the previous run.

 

Question: What is the difference between public and Global class in Apex?

Public access modifier in Salesforce is different than the public modifier in Java. A public class can be accessed within an application or namespace. Whereas Global class is visible everywhere : in any application or namespace. Webservice must be declared as Global so that it can be accessed outside of the application. Global variable is similar to public modifier in Java.

 

Question: What are some points to remember regarding Static Keyword in apex.

  • Apex classes cannot be static.
  • Static variables are static only in scope of request.
  • Static variables and static blocks runs in the same order as they are declared inside the class.
  • Static variables are not transferred as a part of view state.

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